5 (2), 2004
Welcome to Volume 5, Number 2 of TOJDE
I am pleased to inform you that Vol.:5, Number:2 issue of The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE has been issued on the web site http://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr now. TOJDE is meeting with its readers for the 14th time, since 2000 January.
NOTE FOR EDITOR: Successful Online Learning – the Five Ps
Key learning points
• An important aspect of design for online learning is visual ergonomics.
• Learning theories offer poor predictive power in terms of how learners work and learn.
• Success at learning is closely related to emotional engagement–and learning designers tend to ignore this aspect.
• Online learning poses a challenging experience for learners–and they need support to cope with it.
• A key goal to achieve Praxis – being able to put learning into practice.
NOTE FOR EDITOR: Teach them to Fly: Strategies for Encouraging Active Online Learning
One of the hot topics in education in the past 10 years has been the shift of the role of the educator. Whereas, he has traditionally been the owner and deliverer of the knowledge (Sage on the stage), now his role is shifting to a guide and facilitator (guide by the side). The purpose is to give the students ownership in their own learning process. As technology becomes more sophisticated, automation is replacing students’ problem solving skills, critical thinking and sometimes patience. On one of my evaluations in a 1999 online course, a student criticized that, “she’s not doing the teaching, I’m doing the learning.” Of course in my desire to encourage active learning, I took the response as a compliment, but the student meant it as a criticism. I began pondering the reluctance of students to take control of the learning process.
Shelia TUCKER & Elizabeth HODGE
Quality Assurance of Distance Education: Multiple Assessment Measures Used in a Business, Career, and Technical Education Department
Educational institutions are being encouraged by accrediting agencies to move beyond the traditional measures of success such as satisfaction surveys from students, employers, and alumni. They stress the use of a variety of measurement tools to audit students’ work. Thus, this study will seek to identify multiple assessment strategies that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of distance education courses within an entire degree program. Comparisons of three courses being taught simultaneously on line and in the classroom were made. There were no significant differences noted in student outcomes assessments.
Additionally, the same assessment measures used for SACS for the traditional classroom were equated with the distance education classes for those in the field of Family and Consumer Sciences, Business Education, the BE/ME program, the MAEd program in Technical teaching, and Information Technologies. No significant differences were noted in student outcomes assessments.
Keywords: E/ME Program, Assessments, Family and Consumer Sciences, Multiple Assessment
Nursel Selver RUZGAR
Distance Education in Turkey
Many countries of the world are using distance education with various ways, by internet, by post and by TV. In this work, development of distance education in Turkey has been presented from the beginning. After discussing types and applications for different levels of distance education in Turkey, the distance education was given in the cultural aspect of the view. Then, in order to create the tendencies and thoughts of graduates of Higher Education Institutions and Distance Education Institutions about being competitors in job markets, sufficiency of education level, advantages for education system, continuing education in different Institutions, a face-to-face survey was applied to 1284 graduates, 958 from Higher Education Institutions and 326 from Distance Education Institutions. The results were evaluated and discussed. In the last part of this work, suggestions to become widespread and improve the distance education in the country were made.
Keywords: Distance Education, Education System, Tendencies of Graduates
Ismail Hakki MIRICI & F. Ozlem SAKA
Dissemination of A proposed English Prepartory Class Model for The Black Sea Region Countries Through Internet
Owing to enormous and unprecedented expansion in technological, scientific and economic activities in the past few decades the demand for learning at least one foreign language has occurred. Moreover, new developments in Educational Psychology have given rise to an increasing emphasis on importance of learners’ needs, interests, motivation, relevance of what and how they are learning (the British Council International Seminar on Teaching English for Specific Purposes, 1996). Similarly, today just like most methodologists and language experts, Fredericks (1996:1) assumes that language-training programs should provide optimal learning opportunities for all students through recognition of and provision for each individual’s unique patterns of growth and development. The needs of the students in the same geographical region may have lots of common sights, and the success of one implementation should be shared with the neighboring countries to disseminate the success for a more fruitful world. This is one of the obligations to achieve the objectives of a true globalization process. Internet is the best tool to achieve such an objective.
In this study, a sample English preparatory class model is introduced. This sample model was designed for the students at Gazi University Faculty of Engineering and Architecture in 1996-1997 academic year (about 32 weeks).
Keywords: English Preparatory Classes, A Sample Programme, Dissemination through Internet, Distance Learners, Distance Education
Tom JONES & M. Cleveland-INNERS
Considerations for The Instruction Of Research Methodologies In Graduate-Level Distance Education Degree Programs
The growth of basic and applied research activity in distance education requires redirection on several fronts, including the instruction of research methods in the education of graduate students. The majority of graduate students in distance education are practitioners whose goals range from carrying out original research to acquiring the concepts and skills necessary to become a practitioner. We argue that the best foundation for achieving both of those goals in distance education is developed by means of an understanding and internalization of sound research design methodologies, primarily acquired by formal instruction, and that an emphasis on research in graduate programs in distance education will encourage theory development. This paper presents the rationale for a general curricular model that attempts to address the sets of research competencies for graduate students in graduate-level distance education programs while at the same time moving students toward an appreciation and understanding of the epistemological foundations for social science research.
Keywords: Distance education, Research methods, Research methodologies, Graduate study, Graduate instruction, Graduate curriculum, Epistemology
Revisioning Theoretical Framework of Electronic Performance Support Systems (EPSS) within the Software Application Examples
EPSS provides electronic support to learners in achieving a performance objective; a feature which makes it universally and consistently available on demand any time, any place, regardless of situation, without unnecessary intermediaries involved in the process. The aim of this review is to develop a set of theoretical construct that provide descriptive power for explanation of EPSS and its roots and features within the software application examples (i.e., Microsoft SharePoint Server”v2.0” Beta 2, IBM Lotus Notes 6 & Domino 6, Oracle 9i Collaboration Suite, and Mac OS X v10.2). From the educational and training point of view, the paper visualizes a pentagon model for the interrelated domains of the theoretical framework of EPSS. These domains are: learning theories, information processing theories, developmental theories, instructional theories, and acceptance theories. This descriptive framework explains a set of descriptions as to which outcomes occur under given theoretical conditions for a given EPSS model within software examples. It summarizes some of the theoretical concepts supporting to the EPSS’ related features and explains how such concepts sharing same features with the example software programs in education and job training.
Keywords: Electronic Performance Support Systems, EPSS, Software Examples, Theoretical Framework
The puzzle of Virtual Learning Environments: “what criteria should be present in the ideal VLE?”
This study attempts to acknowledge the most useful, operative and educational important features that should be present in a VLE. The study aims to become a “pre-decision manual” in order to guide all those people, academic or not, who puzzle with the identification of the ideal VLE.
Keywords: Virtual Learning Environments, VLE, Asynchronous Distance Education, Evaluation Criteria.
Project-based Distrubuted Learning and Adult Learners
Adult learners participating in a project-based distributed learning environment, the MBA Without Boundaries (MBAWB) program at Ohio University, reported that project-based learning in a distributed learning environment is meaningful for adult learners because of the active involvement in the projects and transferability of the learning issues to the work place. According to the adult learners, important advantages of the project-based online environment are time and place flexibilities, maintaining everyday activities while attending a graduate program, diverse backgrounds of the adult learners, experience with authentic problems of the projects, applicability of learning issues to real life, active participation in the learning process, and combination of online interactions with residencies. However, the learners reported teammates who do not make enough contributions to a team project as the most common problem. Some learners complained about the distance barriers, family and work responsibilities, and technological failures during the online interactions.
Keywords: Project-Based Learning, Distributed Learning, Adult Learners
Relationship Between Student Characteristics and Academic Achievement in Distance Education and Application on Students of Anadolu University
This study emphasizes on relationship between academic achievements and student characteristics like demographic properties (age, gender, employed/unemployed), self-efficacy beliefs of distance education, self-regulation, and achievement goals for distance education. Sampling of the study comprised of 124 freshmen year distance education students. Data are presented regarding the relationships between self-efficacy of distance education and academic achievement. Self-regulation and achievement goals of students were not correlated with academic achievement, significantly. Boy and girl students were differing significantly with respect to self-regulation. A significant relationship was seen with respect to self-efficacy of distance education, self-regulation and achievement goals.
Keywords: Distance Education; Student Characteristics; Self-Efficacy of Distance Education; Self-Regulation; Achievement Goals; Academic Achievement.
Reviewed By Dr. Jale BALABAN-SALI
REVIEW: Multimedia-Based Instructional Design: Computer-Based Training, Web-Based Training, and Distance Learning
This book is published by Jossey Bass Pfeiffer. The book/CD-ROM package on how to design and develop multimedia-based instructional design, presenting that the same instructional design process can be used for all media. The CD-ROM contains job aids and tools, and demo software. It is useful for course developers who are beginning their first multimedia project. Lee is director of performance technology for American Airlines Training Group in Fort Worth, Owens is a consultant in multimedia training.
TOJDE, Anadolu University-TURKEY
REVIEW: New Open Source E-Learning Book
We would like to promote and introduce a new book that Terry Anderson and Fathi Elloumi have edited from Athabasca University. It is entitled Theory and Practice of Online Learning. The book is licensed for educational and non commercial use, download and printing under a Creative Commons license. We have released it as open source so that it can be more easily accessed by professionals and hopefully used in coursework by learners throughout the world. During the two weeks since its release in mid February over 4300 individual downloads were made of the whole book, in addition to many for individual chapters. The URL for the full text as well as a link to purchase a print copy is http://cde.athabascau.ca/online_book.
Reviewed By Res. Ass. Mestan KUCUK
Distance Learning and University Effectiveness: Changing Educational Paradigms for Online Learning
This book is published by Idea Group Publishing. The book has three sections which consist of sixteen chapters. In addition of those it has an author bibliography and an index. 28 authors, including editors, have contributed to the book.
Reviewed By Res. Ass. Figen UNAL
Evaluation and Implementation of Distance Learning: Technologies, Tools and Techniques
This book is published by Idea Group Publishing. The book consists of seven chapters, a bibliography and references section, four appendices, an index, and author biography. In appendix A, there are three data forms those can used by distance learning course designers. In appendix B, under the title of ‘definitions’, there is a dictionary consists of Internet and e-learning terms. In appendix C, there is a table relevant to infrastructure survey and upgrade requirements. Finally appendix D contains a list of web sites that offer discussions of distance learning issues and concepts.