3 (1), 2002
Gul Durmusoglu KOSE, Bahar CANTURK & Seyda ULSEVER
Distance English Language Teaching(DELT)Programme: A New Model for Turkey
This paper aims at introducing a new interactive distance education application model in English Teacher Education.
There is an ever-increasing demand for English teaching and learning activities in Turkey, with the implementation of new eight-year compulsory primary education in 1998. Eight Yearly Development Plan (1999-2006) estimates the English teacher need of Turkey as approximately 60,000. In order to meet this demand Turkish Ministry of National Education (MNE) and Eskisehir Anadolu University signed a protocol in February 2000. Anadolu University is authorized to initiate a four-year Distance English Language Teacher Education Program. The program has accepted first group of students (2500) this academic year (2000-2001) according to the results of the University Entrance (ÖSS)- Foreign Language (English)Exam.
Keywords: OEF, Anadolu University, Turkey, Distance Education, Language Teaching
Distance and Traditional Education
This case study is designed to investigate how distance education technology affects the instructor’s simultaneously teaching the same course via instructional television (ITV) and traditional education (face-to-face) formats. This study involved random observations of the instructor in a graduate course in both instructional television and face-to-face classrooms. In addition, an interview with the instructor was conducted to collect more data. This study has suggested that the instructor who teaches the same course in both ITV and traditional education formats exhibits both similarities and differences among the three instructional phases (before-class, in-class, and after-class) in both situations. The results of this study will have significant implications for future distance education instructors.
Keywords: Distance education, instructional television instruction, traditional education, instructional phases, and case study.
Cooperative Hypertext: An Educational Example
The Internet is a good opportunity to modify the teaching methods and the process of learning, and to redefine our notions of education.
In this paper we present how to build a “Learning by Doing” environment using the Internet and the hypertext development. In our approach the role of the students is active inside their learning process. We refer of our experience how supervisor in a teaching project, named Web Learning Environment (WLE), where we have studied the use of the Internet and its resources to develop a new learning environment. We have involved a classroom (sixteen students, aged 16-17) of a technical institute in Italy (specialisation in Information Technologies). The project has been divided in six different phases: the knowledge of the Internet, the research in the Internet, the access to the FTP, the didactics with the Internet, the communication using the "Net”, and the creation of a cooperative hypertext dedicated to the Bonaventura Cavalieri (an Italian mathematician). In this paper we describe some educational and cognitive aspects involved in the development of a cooperative hypertext (e.g., the work organisation, the educational and social targets, the interaction between students and teacher, the modification of the role of the teacher inside the students’ learning process).
Keywords: Communication, Internet, web Learning, learning Process
E-Learning in Europe Survey
Since the early nineties, in the wake of working from home, e-learning has been regularly represented as an emerging market. In the same way, the development of the multimedia industry within, in particular, the leisure sector and education has regularly provided technological innovation.
The Noir sur Blanc agency has chosen to launch a far reaching survey by contacting thousands of institutions, based all over Europe, in order to attempt to build a step by step assessment of e-learning's presence in higher education institutions. The survey's results were compiled from a sample of 120 institutions.
Keywords: E-learning, The Noir sur Blanc, Europe
Reviewed By Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aytekin İsman
REVIEW: The First International Educational Technology Conference held by Sakarya University
First International educational technology conference and fair was held by Sakarya University and The Ministry of Education between October 28-30 2001 in Sakarya Turkey.
The main topic was how to use technologyeffectively in education for teaching and learning. During this conference, 150 research papers were presented by academic teachers. Educitional Technologies Department Turkish Ministry of Education, Iowa and Ohio Universities assisted to organize this conference. 10 international professors joined and presented several papers.
Esmahan AGAOGLU, Gulriz IMER & Gulsun KURUBACAK
A Case Study of Organizing Distance Education: Anadolu University
Distance education is a sort of education that learners and instruction are away from each other. With this characteristic, distance education provides educational opportunities for everyone, at any place, time or age.
In this article, the practice of distance education in Turkey is critically examined, especially at Anadolu University. The practice of distance education at Anadolu University started in 1982 at the Open Educational Faculty (OEF). Today, Anadolu University that aims the teaching with contemporary technologies has 227 course. The ultimate goal of Anadolu University is to reach every student by means of contemporary technologies such as Internet. All the projects executed at Anadolu University are collected within a master project called “Open Education 2000”.
Keywords: Open Education, Turkey, Anadolu University, Distance Education
Coskun BAYRAK & Adnan BOYACI
Reinterpretation of Knowledge on the Web in the Postmodern Moment: Trends and Challenges
The purpose of this study, from a perspective of postmodernity is to discuss online education as the new environment for the challenging interpretation of the production, structure and dissemination of knowledge transformation within the economic, socio-political and cultural, dynamics of postmodern society.
This is, of course, a new component of postmodern society and mainly characterised by globalisation process. The main reason of this is that production, structure and dissemination of knowledge has begun to expose a structural transformation. Online education, as the new environment of this transformations, has brought a challenging process that requires a paradigm shift for teachers, politicians, economists, managers and educational administrators.
Keywords: Online, Postmodernity, Knowledge On The Web, Distance Education, Turkey, Anadolu University
George E. NAKOS, Michael H. DEIS & Louis JOURDAN
Students’ Perceptions of On-line Courses: An Exploratory Study
This paper investigates students' perceptions of on-line courses. The emergence of the internet has become a major force in higher education with many schools experimenting with different forms of on-line instruction.
An important factor that has been largely ignored is how students feel about on-line courses. This study discovered that students have accepted on-line courses as an alternative to the traditional classroom environment. Further research is needed to expand the scope of this paper and to see whether these results can be generalized in other university settings.
Keywords: Online course, Students' perceptions, Online Education. Distance Education
Virtual Construction of Social Reality Through New Medium-Internet
This is a study on the creation of social reality in virtual setting such as chat/discussion/list groups, based on a theoretical framework of social and cultural reality. It was tried to be found how closer one can get to and create the reality in relation with others in virtual settings.
It is a survey type study. For this, a virtually communicated group (45 persons) was selected and given a questionnaire in their natural virtual settings. The members were questioned on their socialization experiences.
By the development of communication technology, not only new communication forms but also different interaction modes take place. The main characteristic of these interactions is the existence of long distance between the communicators, which is becoming a way of life in modern times. Traditionally, there exists a widespread belief that the communication technologies have replaced the traditional face-to-face communication, which in turn had limited the benefits of interactions. However, the exploratory findings of studies like this one suggest that this may not be the case. Therefore, further and more focused studies should be carried out to assess the real value of virtual communication settings.
Keywords: Internet, Construction, Communication Technology, Turkey,
The Virtual Dialogue;Neo-Hermeneutics Online
Distant, Computer-mediated, Online, Asynchronous, Virtual, Dialogue; these are the key words that apply to education and research when people work at their own computers and are incommunication with each other through their computer modems or by satellite.
Connection between teachers, students and colleagues is facilitated by computer conferencing (CC) software,which may run on a campus network, on a "gateway" service like AOL or Earthlink, on a free standing BBS (bulletin board system), or on an Internet Web like "Blackboard".
People who live and work in this domain use a special typographic argot akin tothat of ham radio operators. It operates on 16 and 32 bit band widths but initially it worked with the multiples of 8 that constrained the way bits, bytes and characters were combined into information.
Keywords: Virtual, Anadolu University, Computer-mediated, Online, Asynchronous
Reviewed By S. K. PULIST
REVIEW: Innovations in Open and Distance Learning
New innovations in distance and open learning are ever taking place. However, the pace has been intensified in this direction by the advances in information and communication technology. The innovators and early adopters have been there in all the ages who make these innovations take place and new ideas flourish. The book under review is an effort in the direction of documenting the innovations and experiences in the area of distance and open learning. Spread over 19 chapters in all by different masters of their fields, the book gives a snap shot of the new work being done for furtherance of open and distance learning in different parts of the world.
Welcome to Volume 3, Number 1 of TOJDE
TOJDE is meeting with its readers for the fifth time since 2000 January. But in this issue TOJDE has very important news for its readers. TOJDE will be published quarterly with this issue. This important changing was appeared in the mid 2000's because of intensive interest of readers and academicians, researchers and practicioners from all over the world. This idea and developments are evaluated by Steering Committee of TOJDE for a few mounths from many aspects of view. Finally, we decided that being a quarterly journal will be more benficial for TOJDE's publishing life and its readers after now. Because of these reasons we organized our plans in the name of "Quarterly TOJDE" for the future.