16 (3), 2015
From The Editor
Welcome to the Volume 16, Number 3 of TOJDE
Dear TOJDE Readers,
Welcome to the Volume 16, Number 3 of TOJDE,
In this issue there are 9 articles and 1 book review. The articles are written by 19 authors from 8 different countries. These countries are Australia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Philippines, and Turkey.
Meltem Huri BATURAY & Erman YUKSELTURK
The Role of Online Education Preferences on Student’s Achievement
Online education has expanded and is expected to continue growing rapidly in time along with technological innovations. It is obvious that there is a movement toward online learning which necessitates the need of more empirical evidence on effective learning and learners’ achievement. This study investigated effect of the variables: demographics (age, gender, being employed/unemployed, and computer efficacy); Internet self-efficacy; satisfaction (student-student, student-instructor, student-content interaction); and the reasons for online education preferences of students’ on their achievement. Differing from previous studies the current study particularly investigates the effect of students’ reasons for their preferences of distance education on their success besides all other variables. The results indicated that there is a positive correlation between students’ reasons for their preferences of distance education and their achievement scores which was measured by their final test scores. Besides, according to results of the regression analyses, preferences related to achievement was the only variable to affect regression equation in the online course regression analyses. That was accounted for about 5.1 % of the variance in students’ final grades.
Keywords: Online learning; distance education; preference; achievement; satisfaction; demographics; Internet self-efficacy.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.47810
Turnitin? Turnitoff: The Deskilling of Information Literacy
Plagiarism is a folk devil into which is poured many of the challenges, problems and
difficulties confronting higher education. This article investigates how software -Turnitin
in particular- is ‘solving’ a particular ‘crisis’ in universities. However, I investigate how
alternative strategies for the development of information literacy offer concrete,
productive and imaginative trajectories for university staff and students.
Keywords: Plagiarism, intellectual integrity, information literacy, higher education
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.55005
Percia V. SECRETO & Rhodora L. PAMULAKLAKIN
Learners’ Satisfaction Level with Online Student Portal as A Support System in An Open And Distance E-Learning Environment (ODeL)
Learner support in an open, distance and online learning is defined as “all activities and elements in education that respond to a known learner or group of learners, and which are designed to assist in the cognitive, affective, and systemic realms of the learning process” (Brindley, et. al, 2004). Teaching and tutoring, advising and counseling, and information and administration are the main institutional systems involved in learner support. The UP Open University functions under an open and distance e-learning (ODeL) framework of distance education where most of its academic and non-academic processes are done through the Internet. It has developed an online Academic Information Management System (AIMS) which serves as the gateway to the University’s academic operations. The Online Student Portal (OSP) is the component of the system for the students. OSP serves such functionalities as online registration, viewing of grades, request for their records, payment of fees, and information hub. The study analyzed the learners’ satisfaction with the portal’s functionality, efficiency, appearance, ease of use, and security. An online survey was conducted of continuing undergraduate and graduate students (n=147) who were admitted prior to the implementation of the portal and thus had experienced both the manual and online processes. The survey was conducted from September 26 to October 3, 2013.
In general, about 85 percent of those who participated in the survey were either very satisfied or satisfied with their overall experience of the portal. Ninety percent of the total participants found the portal cost-effective and informative. Overall, the participants identified the portal as a convenient and effective venue for getting accurate and immediate information about their performance, school activities, academic schedules, and other information relevant to their learning transactions. These features had made the portal an important student support tool that may enhance the learning experience of online learners.
Keywords: Learner support, online student portal, online registration, online learning, UP Open University, open and distance e-learning.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.32741
Ademola Johnson ADEWARA & Olufunke LAWAL
New Technologies and Science Teachers Education within the Context of Distance Learning: A Case Study for The University of Lagos
The Open and Distance Learning (ODL) education for science teachers is seen as a solution to the problems of equity and access to teacher education in Nigeria. It is used to provide cost-effective Science Teacher Education, and to train large numbers of teachers within a short period of time. The need for training science teachers through ODL systems is becoming more critical and necessary. The study explored the contribution of Science Teacher Education within the context of Open and Distance Learning in the following areas: time spent on electronics devices, skill development in the use of computer technologies and applications, Extent of use of IT in courses and course management system features. The study used a survey method. Stratified sampling technique was adopted. Two hundred and fifty (250) questionnaires were sent out and one hundred and seventy three (173) were returned. The result shows that that there is a significant positive correlation between science teachers education within the context of Open Distance Learning and time spent on electronics devices, skill development in the use of computer technologies and application, Extent of use of IT in courses and course management system features at R=0.688, 0.625, 0.165, 0.607, 0.500, with the p value of < 0.05 level of significance. This result implies that increase on each of these variables will further enhance Science Teacher Education.
Keywords: CD-ROM, interactive Video, Information Technology, In-service teacher, inquiry-centered, pedagogic skills.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.34947
Anil K. DIMRI
Mechanism of F2F Student Support in Open and Distance Learning System: Indian Experience
Present paper seeks to analyse the system of face to face programme delivery adopted by Indira Gandhi National Open University(IGNOU) for its distance learners over a period of two and half decades. The paper also analysed that with the growth in student enrolment, new schemes of face to face programme delivery was developed and implemented and some of them have made significant contribution in developing a suitable network. However, the scheme originally launched on the philosophy of institutional networking, resource sharing, collaboration and convergence was highly successful and mainly responsibly for the growth of ODL in India. The schemes of learners support centres launched subsequent only supplemented the existing scheme. Attempt has also been made to critically analyse the pros and cons of each of the scheme offered for ODL learners for face to face interaction and how a particular scheme was more acceptable.
Keywords: Programme delivery, student support services, open and distance learning, learners support centres.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.03761
The Use of Open Educational Resources in Online Learning: A Study of Students’ Perception
Universitas Terbuka (UT) is Indonesia’s higher education institution which implements distance education system. The term distance implies that learning is not performed face-to-face but there is geographically separation between students and teacher. Therefore, UT must provide many kinds of learning modes and learning support. To facilitate students in their learning process, UT provides an e-learning system named online tutorial. This tutorial is provided for all courses which are designed in 8 sessions of virtual class. Students can learn, discuss, and ask to the teacher via this mode of learning. As the development of methods in e-learning, the use of open educational resources (OER) has increasing these days. Learning materials can be taken easily and freely from internet. UT also utilize OER in it’s learning process, especially in e-learning. The aim of this study was to collect data from students about their acceptance of integrating OER into e-learning. The use of OER is perceived by students as something interesting because it’s new for them and can help them to have a better understanding about a topic. The results also showed that video has found as the most interesting OER for students. Other results, limitation and suggestion from students about integrating OER into e-learning also will be discussed in this paper.
Keywords: Distance education, e-learning, OER.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.46469
Wan Zulkifli WAN HASSAN, Ezad Azraai JAMSARI, Mohamad TAHA, Aminudin BASIR @ AHMAD, Jamsari ALIAS & Nazri MUSLIM
Effectiveness of the Forum Method for the Self Development Course in UKM and Its Link with Student Interest
Student inability to explain concepts learnt in lessons using their own words academically and intellectually and their lack of interest in learning the subject are a cause of their incompetence in the development of their personality. This presents a challenge to lecturers that they should not rely entirely on conventional lectures and tutorials. Instead, there is a need to employ a variety of teaching methods to stimulate student minds and encourage them to pursue knowledge.
As an effort to diversify learning and teaching methods, a study was conducted to improve weaknesses of teaching and learning methods by organizing to motivate students. This was done to help students realize that concepts learnt in the course are relevant to their daily life and to encourage them to seek knowledge of self development which can be applied outside the class. The fora were followed with an action research. This action research was aimed at analyzing the effectiveness of the forum as an alternative method of teaching and learning of the Self Development Course.
A sample of 73 students of various academic faculties 2012/2013 were involved in the forum competition. The sample was divided into two groups: panelists group and audience group. Panelists wrote two reports on their experience from the beginning stage of preparing forum materials until the final stage of conducting the forum itself. Listeners groups were assessed as to their interest and observation to the forum content and its discussion while it was being conducted. The effectiveness of this strategy is based on analysis of student reports on the conducted forum and debates in it. Results show that forum received a positive response among the students.
The forum approach increased student skills to relate to current issues in explaining facts they have learnt, encouraged cooperation among them to solve problems and increased interaction skill as well as built self-confidence. Therefore they could sharpen their soft skills and were able to solve problems and human-related issues.
Keywords: Effectiveness, forum, self development, UKM, interest
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.55595
Norbaizura HARIS & Kamisah OSMAN
The Effectiveness of A Virtual Field Trip (Vft) Module in Learning Biology
Virtual Field Trip is a computer aided module of science developed to study the Colonisation and Succession in Mangrove Swamps, as an alternative to the real field trip in Form for Biology. This study is to identify the effectiveness of the Virtual Field Trip (VFT) module towards the level of achievement in the formative test for this topic. This study was conducted to 60 students employing a quasi-experimental design involving a treatment group taught using the VFT module and a control group who were taught using conventional methods. Analysis into the effectiveness of the virtual module was done descriptively, followed by inferential analysis involving the two-way ANOVA. The results showed significant differences in the mean scores of pre and post achievement between students taught using VFT and students who were taught using conventional methods for objective, structure and essay type questions. The study concluded that teaching and learning by using the VFT module, integrated with ICT, has a positive impact on student achievement whencompared to conventional methods. This study focuses on the use of the VFT recognizing that teachers are often unable to conduct a real field trip on location.
Keywords: Virtual Field Trip (VFT), computer-aided learning (CAL), biology learning, mangrove swamps ecosystem (MSE)
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.13063
Faranak OMIDIAN & Farzaneh NEDAYEH ALI
A Study on The Attitudes of Students, Instructors, and Educational Principals to Electronic Administration of Final-Semester Examinations in Payame Noor University in Iran
The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes of students, instructors, and educational principals to electronic administration of final-semester examinations at undergraduate and post- graduate levels in Payame Noor University in Khuzestan. The statistical population of this study consisted of all educational principals, instructors, of students of Payame Noor University in Khuzestan. The sample of the study consisted of 19 principals, 46 members of faculties, and 296 students. The instrument of the research (material) was a questionnaire that was designed by the researcher of this study. This research was a descriptive-survey study. The results showed that the attitudes of students, instructors, and educational principals to electronic administration of examinations are positive.
Keywords: Feasibility; electronic examination; Payame Noor University; information technology
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.92435
Reviewed By Hasan UCAR
REVIEW: Developing Online Language Teaching Research-Based Pedagogies and Reflective Practices Edited by Regine Hampel and Ursula Stickler
Developing Online Language Teaching - Research-Based Pedagogies and Reflective Practices is one of the book series of New Language Learning and Teaching Environments. The book is edited by Regine Hampel, professor of open and distance language learning at the Open University, UK, and Ursula Stickler, senior lecturer in the department of languages at the Open University, UK.