15 (2), 2014
Welcome to Volume 15, Number 2 of TOJDE
Welcome to the volume 15 number: 1 of TOJDE,
In this issue, 18 articles of 34 authors from 9 different countries around the world have been published. These published articles are arrived to the tojde from, bBangladesh, Brunei, Greece, India, Indonasia, Malaysia, Republic Of Korea, Turkey and USA.
Evangelos BEBETSOS & Dimitrios GOULIMARIS
Personal Outcome And Leadership As Defining Factors Of Satisfaction In The Context Of The Course “Arts Ii: Overview Of Greek Music And Dance” Of The Hellenic Open University
The purpose of this study was twofold:
Ø to assess the construct validity of the modified Greek version of the “Scale of Athlete Satisfaction” presented by Theodorakis and Bebetsos (2003) in the broader academic research sector and specifically in the field of Open and Distance Learning, and
Ø to examine if variables such as sex, age, marital status and prior experience, influence the levels of students’ satisfaction.
Participants were 144 students (55 men and 89 women) of the Hellenic Open University who participated in the course “Arts II: Review of the Greek Music and Dance”, between the ages of 25 up to 67 years of age (Μage=42, SD=7.62). The scale consists of two factors: a) personal outcome and b) leadership. Results from factor analysis provided evidence for the construct validity of the scale developed by Theodorakis and Bebetsos (2003). Additionally, results indicated differences between the age groups on the factor of “personal outcome” were the youngest age group had the lowest scores among all three and also, results indicated differences on the factor of “leadership”, were men had higher scores than women. Overall, the study underlines the necessity of adaptation and usage of such an instrument in order to inform and educate educators, teachers and students about the factors that influence the learning process in combination with personal satisfaction and leadership behavior.
Keywords: Personal Outcome, Leadership, Age Groups, Sex Differences.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.85619
Birim BALCI DEMIRCI
System Expertise Training Courses In Private Sector: Can They Be Given Online?
It is widely known that there are many schools in the private sector offering courses in Computer Technology, Computer Engineering, Information Systems and similar disciplines in addition to Universities presenting such courses. The private sector programs are extremely popular with students already studying at university as well as being of great interest to previously graduated university students. The first purpose of this study is to determine the percentage of university students who attend theses education programs. Both previously graduated and presently studying students have been included. Secondly it aims to understand the reasons behind the attendance of such courses by students who are already studying a similar curriculum or have previously studied and graduated in similar and related fields. In the light of this information, some suggestions have been made about giving these courses as online.
Keywords: System Expertise, Training, Education, Curriculum, Pivate Sector Training, Online Education.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.67079
Du Gyu KIM & JaeMu LEE
A Study On Improving Information Processing Abilities Based On PBL
This study examined an instruction method for the improvement of information processing abilities in elementary school students. Current elementary students are required to develop information processing abilities to create new knowledge for this digital age. There is, however, a shortage of instruction strategies for these information processing abilities.
This research proposes a method for teaching information processing abilities based on a problem-based learning model, and was tested with elementary students. The students developed an improved ability to create new knowledge and to present relationships with information through the process of problem solving. This study performed experimental research by comparing pre- and post-tests with twenty-three fifth grade elementary students over the course of eight months. This study produced a remarkable improvement in information selection, information reliability, information classification, information analysis, information comparison, and information internalization. This study presents an improved methodology for the teaching of information processing abilities.
Keywords: Problem Based Learning, Information Processing Ability, Blended Learning
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.18487
Satisfaction Clustering Analysis Of Distance Education Computer Programming Students: A Sample Of Karadeniz Technical University
In line with recently developing technology, distant education systems based on information technologies are started to be commonly used within higher education. Students’ satisfaction is one of the vital aspects in order to maintain distant education efficiently and achieving its goal. As a matter of the fact, previous studies proved that student satisfaction is one of the most important factors in deciding the success of a system in terms of application.
Therefore, this paper analyzes satisfaction variables of distant education computer programming students regarding this program as well as their clustering tendencies. 96 students who were having their majors in distant education computer programming at Karadeniz Technical University during 2012-2013 academic term constitute the sample of the study.
The study employed Satisfaction Scale for Students of Distant education Based on Information Technologies as data collection tool which comprised of 42 items. Data obtained from the scale was analyzed via Ward method, one of the hierarchical clustering methods, in order to reveal their clustering tendencies.
Accordingly, satisfaction variables were divided into three main clusters which were A, B and C. Of these main clusters, it was seen that A and B has two sub-clusters each which were A1, A2 and B1, B2 respectively. These divisions were named after the variables they include; A1: “Interest of the instructors and the implementation of program content”, A2: “Support and rapport of the university”, B1: “Scope of the program”, B2: “Individuality and the opportunity for interaction” and C: “The defects in application by both the program and the university”. From an overall perspective, it is seen that Cluster A covers variables positively affecting the satisfaction which are “the quality of service provided by the university for this program”, “application of program content fitting to the purpose” and “teachers’ dealing with students properly”. It is seen that Cluster B covers variables positively affecting satisfaction in terms of program scope, individuality and interactive environment. Finally, it is seen that Cluster C covers variables negatively affecting satisfaction which are about the defects in the application both by the program and the university.
Keywords: Distance Education, Online Learning Environment, Clustering Analysis, Students’ Satisfaction.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.24137
Hasan Said TORTO
Gifted Students’ Views About First Stage Of The Education Program For The Gifted Students’ Bridge With University (Edupgbu)
All over the world, studies related to design of appropriate educational programs for gifted students are continuing. It is also important that these programs should be adapted to developing educational technologies. In Turkey, the structure of the Education Program for the Gifted Students’ Bridge with University (EPGBU) which has been prepared for the education of gifted students in the academic field and determined as the primary educational approach to e-mentoring, is presented EPGBU first stage of teaching process in this article. EPGBU teaching process is consisting of three periods. In this study, students' opinions about the first period of the program have been examined. Gifted students expressed positive opinions about EPGBU. They offered the suggestions for improvement of the program. It can be said that the social validity of EPGBU is high thanks to findings.
Keywords: Gifted students, e-mentoring, The Education Program for the Gifted Students’ Bridge with University (EPGBU)
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.14949
Academic Counselling In Odl: Information System For Capacity Building Of Academic Counselors’ In Ignou
Indira Gandhi national Open University (IGNOU) is an apex body for open and distance learning (ODL) system in India. The university has nation-wide operation and pioneer in distance education. IGNOU has an hqrs, 67 Regional Centres and about 3400 Study Centres throughout India. The study centres are the academic contact point for distance learners and the university engages around 54,000 academic counsellors for giving learner support to the heterogeneous distance learners.
In IGNOU, the academic counsellors are mostly drawn from the formal higher educational system and the exposure towards ODL system therefore, is minimal. However, the academic counsellors are the pivotal link between the ODL institution and isolated distance learners in IGNOU. Their role in handling face-to-face academic counseling sessions at the study centre is very important. The academic counsellors in IGNOU are drawn from the conventional system of higher education. Though, periodical training is given to them by IGNOU, it is a difficult task to train such a massive number of counsellors across the country. In fact the role of an academic counsellor is multifarious and requires both tutoring and counseling. For maintaining quality in academic counseling, the accumulation of multi-dimensional skills, attributes and information is essential on the part of the cunsellor in ODL. Among these, possessing information at various levels about ODL system is an enabling factor to effectively support isolated distance learner.
Therefore, a comprehensive Information System is felt the need of the hour for the capacity building of the academic counsellors in supporting distance learners and for the quality assurance process. This work explores and builds a comprehensive information system for the academic counsellors in an ODL system, keeping IGNOU as the context.
Keywords: Open And Distance Learning; IGNOU; Acdemic Counseling; Acdemic Counsellor; Information System; Capacity Building.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.91038
N. A. NADEEM, Javeed Ahamd PUJA & Shabir Ahmad BHAT
Study Habits And Academic Achievement Of Kashmiri & Ladakhi Adolescent Girls: A Comparative Study
The present study was conducted to study the Study Habits and Academic Achievement of Adolescents girls in Jammu and Kashmir. 400 sample subjects were selected randomly from two ethnic groups’ viz. Kashmiri and Ladakhi. The investigators used Palsane & Sharma’s study habits inventory (PSSHI) to collect data from the field. Certain statistical techniques like percentage, S. D., Mean and t-value were used to analyze the data. The result confirms Significant mean difference were found between Kashmiri and Ladakhi adolescents on their study habits and academic achievement.
Keywords: Study Habits, Academic Achievement, Kashmiri, Ladakh, Adloscents.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.22486
Hasan OZGUR, Tülay DEMIRALAY & Ilkay DEMIRALAY
Exploration Of Problematic Internet Use And Loneliness Among Distance Education Students
The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and levels of loneliness among 311 distance education students. “The Problematic Internet Use Scale” and “UCLA-Loneliness Scale III” were used to collect the data. Independent-samples t-test and one-way ANOVA were conducted to examine the differences; and correlation and regression analyses were used to examine the relationships between variables. Findings revealed that male students’ use of the Internet was more problematic compared to female students’. As the time spent on the Internet increased, so did the problematic Internet use levels. In addition, the problematic Internet use levels of students varied with regard to marital status and not varied regard to their ages. A significant relationship was found between the level of problematic Internet use and loneliness, and loneliness was found to be among the predictors of problematic Internet use. Implications and suggestions for further research are provided.
Keywords: Problematic Internet Use, Loneliness, Distance Education Student.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.43009
Aliff Mohd NAWI & Mohd Isa HAMZAH
Mobile Fatwa (M-Fatwa): The Integration Of Islamic Fatwa Through Mobile Technologymohd
Fatwa institutions play an important role to disseminate information about the fatwa decision that has been discussed. Fatwa is decided will be a guide and reference to the Muslims for dismantling all the problems related to religious law in everyday life. The purpose of this paper to discuss the integration method fatwa information using a mobile device technology.
The challenges of Fatwa integration using mobile technology is also reviewed in detail to create a new prospect in explaining the current issues or problems in religion. Some recommendation to achieve this combination of two elements was also made to implement using M-Fatwa through mobile technology in Malaysia.
Keywords: Fatwa, Mobile fatwa, Islamic fatwa, Mobile Technology, Mobile Learning
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.41295
Omer Faruk SOZCU
The Relationships Between Cognitive Style Of Field Dependence And Learner Variables In E-Learning Instruction
This study examines the relationships between cognitive styles of field dependent learners with their attitudes towards e-learning (distance education) and instructional behavior in e-learning instruction. The Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) and the attitude survey (for students’ preferences) towards e-learning instruction as distance education was administered to 157 students enrolled in various distance education programs at Fatih University, in Turkey. The study findings indicated that students’ cognitive style of field dependence was correlated with their attitudes and preferences for students’ roles in e-learning for distance education. Other factors such as a previous background in e-learning, including gender, educational level, use of social networks, and e-learning tools, and preferences for instructional variables and assessment in distance learning processes were also used.
Finally, technological, motivational, and instructional-learning variables in learner interface design (LID) for e-learning instruction were correlated with students’ learning outcomes, attitudes, perceptions and preferences in learner interface design (LID) and attitudes toward e-learning instruction. At the end of the study, research questions were tested and instructional variables for distance education were indicated in tables. The findings were then assessed to see if they supported previous research or not and considered to future expectations for distance education and learner interface design (LID) procedures with field dependence learners.
Keywords: Field dependence, instructional Variables, e-Learning Attitudes, Learner Interface Design Variables.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.11039
The Classification Of The Probability Unit Ability Levels Of The Eleventh Grade Turkish Students By Cluster Analysis
In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about permutation, combination, binomial expansion, and probability, which were the sub-topics of probability unit, in an individualized mathematics learning environment called UZWEBMAT. After students completed the learning of each sub-topic, they were subjected to an exam about the relevant topic through UZWEBMAT-CAT. Students participated in 5 separate exams (i.e. one for each sub-topic and one end-of-unit test). Data were collected via system records made up of the ability levels of students concerning each subject. The ability levels obtained from each exam were analyzed through hierarchical clustering. According to the study results, the ability levels of students gathered in two main clusters in every test: medium ability level and advanced ability level.
Keywords: Computerized Adaptive Testing, Individual Differences, Ability Level, Hierarchical Cluster Analysis.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.07894
Sabiha YENI & Nesrin OZDENER
An Analysis On Usage Preferences Of Learning Objects And Learning Object Repositories Among Pre-Service Teachers
The purpose of the study is to investigate how pre-service teachers benefit from learning objects repositories while preparing course content. Qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were used in a mixed methods approach. This study was carried out with 74 teachers from the Faculty of Education. In the first phase of the study, pre-service teachers’ prior knowledge about learning objects was defined. During the second phase of the study, a two-hour seminar was given to pre-service teachers to introduce the learning objects and the object repositories. Then, they were requested to prepare a course content and instructional plan using the object repositories. During the last phase of the study, their opinions about the object approach were determined. According to findings; before the seminar, it was observed that pre-services teachers didn’t know learning objects and object repositories. Also, they didn’t use learning object repositories as a reference for their courses. Pre-service teachers’ preferences about learning object repositories were change according to some different factors: especially language, interaction level and resource type.
Furthermore, it was seen that most of them exhibited positive attitude toward learning objects. As a conclusion, it would be worthwhile to increase the number of object repositories allowing preparation of course contents by combining objects to form a whole, in order to promote and spread use of learning object approach among teachers and pre-service teachers through in-service training and pre-service training programs. Also, considering the factors affecting selection of learning objects, it would be an important step to provide support to creation of object repositories particularly in the native language, with high explanatory quality and exercise opportunities, for development and spread of use of learning objects and repositories.
Keywords: Web-based Learning, Learning Objects, Learning Object Repositories, Content Development.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.46083
Amirul ISLAM & Sakiba FERDOWSI
Meeting The Needs Of Distance Learners Of M Ed Program: Bangladesh Open University Perspective
This study draws on the experience of a cohort of 22 students from 09 tutorial centers enrolled in a Master of Education (M Ed) distance learning program administered by the Bangladesh Open University (BOU). It's purpose is to locate the aims and philosophies of distance learning within the experiences of actual distance learners in order to see if learners' needs were being met by the program and to obtain a fuller understanding of core aspects of distance education.
The study found that students were, on the whole, satisfied with the course materials, the choice of modules, assignment feedback, and length of time given to complete the assignments, but significant problems surfaced regarding issues of student support, and access to and provision of resource materials. Arguably, these are issues intrinsic to the successful provision of distance learning courses, and the results both concord with aspects of the research literature (Burge & Howard, 1990; Chen, 1997; Hyland, 2001; Morgan, 1995; Robinson, 1995; Simpson, 2000; Tait, 2000) and raise some interesting questions regarding the provision of distance education and its ability to meet the needs of learners.
Keywords: Distance Education; Distance Learners; Needs of Distance Learners; Students’ Satisfaction.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.60412
Effectiveness Of Arcs Model Of Motivational Design To Overcome Non Completion Rate Of Students In Distance Education
Students’ course completion rate in distance education is getting attention of the researchers throughout the globe. Many factors responsible for high non completion rate of students in distance education are job responsibilities, domestic pressure and complexity of course content. Some researchers reported psychological reasons for dropout like, feeling of inadequacy, distress (Rickinson and Rutherford, 1996); lack of confidence (Cullen, 1994) examination anxiety (Fan and Chan, 1997). In literature lack of motivation is considered as the major responsible factor for this problem as students generally feel lonely due to lack of communication & competition in distance education.
In this article effectiveness of ARCS Model of Motivational Design to overcome the motivational problem of distance learning students is discussed. The study indicate that the systems which are developed on the basis of ARCS Model raise the attention of the students during instruction, develop a relevance to the students’ requirements, create a positive expectation for success and help having a satisfaction by reinforcing success.
Keywords: ARCS Model, Motivational Design, Non completion rate, Distance Education
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.18099
P. JEYARAJ, D. SUGUMAR, K. THANDAVAMOORTHY & S. Joseph XAVIER
Students Perceived Value Towards Quality Of Distance Education In Tamil Nadu
The quality of education of any distance learning programme is maintained by various ways, such as: quality of study material, internal and external evaluation, and student support methods and so on. The above aspects should be available in aspects to the Post graduate degree students. In this research Ex Post Facto research with field survey is used. It was carried out all over Tamil Nadu. The students who have enrolled for Distance post graduate Programme through Study Centres of Tamil Nadu Open University (TNOU) ,Anna malai University and Alagappa University were taken into consideration for collecting data. The total sample size was 600 respondents who were selected equally from all locations. The primary data were collected through questionnaire cum interview schedule method. The questionnaire is well structured and tested for reliability, testability and analytical ability. This study concludes that distance education programmes. With such a huge network spanning across the country, and the growth being exponential in a comparatively short period of time, there is a growing concern for the quality in education being imparted through such institutions. This study has confirmed that most of the students are highly satisfied towards the management education by the distance education mode expect few facts, there are students not satisfied with the PCP time schedule, syllabus covered by the course material and stipulated time for the payments of course fees. This study has identified some of the dissatisfying factors and suggested various ways and means to overcome those problems. Based on this research it may presume that there would be grater satisfaction towards most of the tested variables.
Keywords: Distance Education, Post Graduate Program, PCP centre, TNOU and Students Satisfaction.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.86098
Suleyman Nihat SAD, Ozlem GOKTAS & Ilhami BAYRAK
A Comparison Of Student Views On Web-Based And Face-To-Face Higher Education
The study aimed to describe and compare the perceptions of web-based distance education students and campus-based face-to-face students about the quality of education provided in their programs with regard to variables including gender, marital-status, and employment status. A baseline descriptive survey design and complementary ex post facto design were used in this study. A total of 536 students studying at two higher education institutions participated in the study. “Student Program Assessment Scale [SPAS]” was developed and used to assess web-based and face-to-face students’ perceptions about the quality of education in their programs.
The results showed that web-based students were most positive about lifelong learning opportunities provided in their distance programs, followed by learning-teaching procedures, abilities to access and share resources, and lastly chances of cooperation and socialization. Face-to-face students were almost neutral in all aspects and, compared to web-based students, they were significantly less positive about lifelong learning opportunities (large effect size), learning-teaching procedures (medium effect size), and abilities to access and share resources (small effect size) provided by their programs.
Face-to-face and web-based learners were similarly and moderately positive about the cooperation and socialization opportunities provided in their programs. Gender, marital status and employment were found to cause no differences in practical sense on perceptions of web-based and face-to-face students.
Keywords: Distance Education; Web-Based Education; Face-To-Face Education; Higher Education, Curriculum Evaluation.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.02246
Assisted Learning Through Facebook: A Case Study Of Universitas Terbuka’s Students Group Communities In Jakarta, Taiwan And Hong Kong
This paper describes and give insight about the use of Facebook to assist learning in Jakarta and several countries outside Indonesia. There are so many problems that will arise based on the factual sight such users tend to find difficulties in searching, analyzing and accessing information that they need, particularly materials in their academic life.
This paper explores how social network site (Facebook) has the potential to creating new resource in information and technology to assist learning in groups for finding information needs and also in distance learning system of Universitas Terbuka’s students who live in Jakarta, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Generally, most of students are working from Monday to Friday and even on Saturday and Sunday, they really have problems in having face to face tutorial or even try to get information about their academic life. This paper was conducted with several communities of Facebook groups, the result showed that they specifically used Facebook group to assist them to finish their academic life such as tasks, examination, group discussion or even information.
As the most popular social network in Indonesia, Facebook which accessible, effective and efficient is one of many communities to assist students in making new friends and tutors as well as keeping in touch with information on upcoming events, competitions, seminars, library announcements, new books materials, registration, online tutorial, webinar, examination and other general information.
Keywords: Facebook, Assisted Learning, Social Media, Universitas Terbuka.
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.71656
Students' Views On Distance Learning In Turkey: An Example Of Anadolu Universıty Open Education Faculty
The aim of the study is to reveal the students’ views who are studying in different departments of distant education programs provided by Anadolu University in TURKEY. Qualitative research method was used in the study and purposeful sampling was followed. The research was conducted with 10 students who were working in different jobs and taking distance education courses in different departments. The interviews carried out face to face with the participants by the researcher were recorded by getting their consents. The interview data recorded were later transcribed. Then the texts were given to the participants and the recordings were verified for their accuracy and completeness, so the reliability of data was obtained. Content analysis method was used for the data analysis. When the findings obtained as a result of data analysis were examined, the students taking distance education courses in different departments stated that this education method was a great opportunity and chance for them. Moreover, it was determined that the participant students in the study had positive attitudes and views towards distance education, but they had some negative views such as lack of course materials.
Keywords: Distance Education, Student Views, Positive and Negative statements
DOI : 10.17718/tojde.54964