14 (2), 2013


Gail D. CARUTH & Donald L. CARUTH
NOTE FOR EDITOR: Understanding Resistance To Change: A Challenge For Universities


Catalina MARIN, Jace HARGIS & Cathy CAVANAUGH
NOTE FOR EDITOR: iPad Learning Ecosystem: Developing Challenge-Based Learning Using Design Thinking


P. SATYANARAYANA & Emmanuel DK MEDURI
NOTE FOR EDITOR: Use Of Distance Education By Christian Religion To Train, Edify And Educate Adherents


Ozlem OZAN
Scaffolding In Connectivist Mobile Learning Environment


Roxana CRIU & Ciprian CEOBANU
E-Learning-Implications For Adult Learning


C. Osvaldo RODRIGUEZ
Two Distinct Course Formats In The Delivery Of Connectivist Moocs


Vasif NABIYEV, Hasan KARAL, Selahattin ARSLAN, Ali Kürsat ERUMIT & Ayça CEBI
An Artificial Intelligence-Based Distance Education System: Artimat


Ghaleb RABABAH
Discourse Functions And Vocabulary Use In English Language Learners' Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication


Emrah CINKARA & Birsen BAGCECI
Learners’ Attitudes Towards Online Language Learning; 
And Corresponding Success Rates


Ahmet Murat UZUN, Erhan UNAL & Ahmet YAMAC
Service Teachers’ Academic Achievements In Online 
Distance Education: The Roles Of Online Self-Regulation And Attitudes


Gail D. CARUTH & Donald L. CARUTH
Distance Education In The United States: From Correspondence Courses To The Internet


Manoj ROY. V & Chimoy Kumar GHOSH
The Benefits Of The E-Learning Agricultural Project 
Kissankerala To Digital Immigrants And Digital Natives


Iskender Hakkı SARIGOZ
Adjusting Language Level In Teacher-Talk In Elt Microteachings 
With Specific Reference To Distance Education Teacher


Belingtone Eliringia MARIKI
Use Of Ict In Distance Education At Hanyang Cyber University:
Possible Best Practices For The Institute Of Adult Education


Abdurazzag A ABURAS & Müjgan AYRAN
M-Health For Higher Education


Ozgen KORKMAZ
The Effects Of Different Interaction Types 
In Web-Based Teaching On The Attitudes 
Of Learners Towards Web Based Teaching And Internet


Napaporn SRICHANYACHON
Attitudes Of Undergraduate Students Towards An Online English Class


Ria HANEWALD
Learners And Collaborative Learning In Virtual Worlds: A Review Of The Literature


Silima NANDA & Ashlesh SAXENA
A Novel Learning Environment:Case Study Of The Pan African E-Network Project


Kristy MOTTE
Strategies For Online Educators


Hamdy AHMED ABDELAZIZ
From Physical Benchmarks To Mental Benchmarks: 
A Four Dimensions Dynamic Model To Assure The Quality Of 
Instructional Activities In Electronic And Virtual Learning Environments


Rusmanizah USTATI & Sharifah Sariah Syed HASSAN
Distance Learning Students’ Need:
Evaluating Interactions From Moore’s Theory Of Transactional Distance


Mahir KALFA & Haydar YALCIN
Technology Related Expectations Of Turkish 
As A Second Language Learners At Hacettepe University


Sami ALHOMOD & Mohd Mudasir SHAFI
E-Governance In Education: 
Areas Of Impact And Proposing A Framework To Measure The Impact


Reviewed By Kadir KOZAN
REVIEW: Cognitive Load Theory


Reviewed By S. K. PULIST
REVIEW: Expending Domains in Indian Higher Education


From Editor
Welcome to the Volume 14 Number 2 of TOJDE