14 (1), 2013


From Editor
Welcome to Volume 14, Number 1 of TOJDE


Sunday O. ADEGBESAN
Effect Of Principals’ Leadership Style On Teachers’ 
Attitude To Work In Ogun State Secondary Schools, Nigeria


Orhan HANBAY
Relationship Between Web-Based Learning Time Outside The Classroom And Academic Achievement In German As A Tertiary Language By The 
Students On Vocational High Schools


Lenandlar SINGH
Guided Assessment Or Open Discourse: 
A Comparative Analysis Of Students Interaction On Facebook Groups


John MPOFU, Sylod CHIMHENGA & Onias MAFA
Developing Effective Learning Material To Students With Hearing Impairment (Hi) Through Odl In Zimbabwe


Selami AYDIN
Second Life As A Foreign Language Learning Environment: A Review Of Research


John MPOFU, Sylod CHIMHENGA & Onias MAFA
The Impact O Ict In Learning Through Distance Education Programmes At 
Zimbabwe Open University (Zou): 
Roles Of Ict In Learning Through Distance Education Programmes


Alexander Aleksandrovich RYBANOV,
Set Of Criteria For Efficiency Of The Process Forming 
The Answers To Multiple-Choice Test Items


Levent CALLI, Cem BALCIKANLI, Fatih CALLI, Halil Ibrahim CEBECI & Omer Faruk SEYMEN
Identifying Factors That Contribute
To The Satisfaction Of Students In E-Learning


Donald L. CARUTH & Gail D. CARUTH
Grade Inflation: An Issue For Higher Education?


Hisham DZAKIRIA, Azilah KASIM, Abdul Halim MOHAMED & Anne Althea CHRISTOPHER
Effective Learning Interaction As A Prerequisite 
To Successful Open Distance Learning (Odl): 
A Case Study Of Learners In The Northern State Of Kedah And Perlis, Malaysia


Dilek CAGIRGAN GULTEN
Preservice Mathematics Teachers’ Views On Distance Education And Their Web Pedagogical Content Knowledge


David CARROLL, Eric NG & Dawn BIRCH
Strategies To Improve Retention Of Postgraduate
Business Students In Distance Education Courses: An Australian Case


Soheila HAFEZI, Seyed Mohammad SHOBEIRi, Mohammad Reza SARMADI & Abbas EBADI
A Novel Conceptual Model Of Environmental Communal Education: 
Content Analysis Based On Distance Education Approach


Murat Pas UYSAL
Towards The Use Of A Novel Method: The First Experiences On Measuring The Cognitive Load Of Learned Programming Skills


S. KISHORE
Value-Addition For Empowerment And Employability 
Through Intervention Of Odl Mode Of Ignou


C. ANITHA (Corresponding Author) & T. S. HARSHA
Ethical Perspectives In Open And Distance Eduation System


Deniz KAYA, Cenk KESAN & Dilek IZGIOL
The Effect Of Internet-Based Education On Student Success In Teaching Of 8th Grade Triangles Subject


Wellington SAMKANGE & Augustine Zano MURANDA
Interrogating The Teaching And Learning Modes In Open And Distance Learning (Odl) Within The Context Of Quality Education: A Case Study Of The Zimbabwe Open University; Department Of Education



B. Samrajya LAKSHMI & B. Venkateswara RAO
Quest For Teaching Experimental Skills


Saye Nihan ÇABUK ANAPER, Melike Taner ULUÇAY & Alper CABUK
Accreditation Of Online And Distance Learning Programs


Mohd Aliff MOHD NAWI, Ezad Azraai JAMSARI & Adibah SULAIMAN
Development And Evaluation Of Ning Social Network For Teaching Training Online Surveillance


Nima HEMMATI, Soghra OMRANI & Naser HEMMATI
A Comparison Of Internet-Based Learning And Traditional Classroom Lecture To Learn Cpr For Continuing Medical Education


Mehmet FIRAT
Multitasking Or Continuous Partial Attention: A Critical Bottleneck For Digital Natives


Mohammad Imam FARISI
OER On The Asian Mega Universities: 
Developments, Motives, Openness, And Sustainability


Selçuk KARAMAN, Melike AYDEMIR, Sevda KUÇUK & Gürkan YILDIRIM,
Virtual Classroom Participants’ Views For Effective Synchronous Education Process


Jenny WANG, Chun-Fu C. Lin, Wei-Chieh W. Yu, & Emily WU
Meaningful Engagement In Facebook Learning Environments: 
Merging Social And Academic Lives


Sangeeta MALIK
Distance Educator: A Multiskill Personality


Onias MAFA & Enna Sukutai GUDHLANGA
Examination Management As A Way Of Achieving Quality Assurance In Odl Institutions: The Case Of Zimbabwe Open University


Hicran Hanım HALAC & Alper CABUK
Open Courseware In Design And Planning Education And Utilization Of Distance Education Opportunity: Anadolu University Experience


Merih TASKAYA
As Public Relationship Application Countinability Of Participated Art Projects Via Distance Education Method: A Case Of “Women’s Are Meeting With Literature Project”


Zane L. BERGE
Barriers To Communication In Distance Education