11 (1), 2010
Welcome to Volume 11, Number 1 of TOJDE
The first notes for editor is titled as Screencasts which are written by Kevin YEE and Jace HARGIS from USA. They mentioned that screencast technology and individual applications will doubtless continue to change and evolve. It seems likely, however, that student appetite for video-delivered content, either as supplementary learning materials or as the main delivery mechanism, will remain undiminished for the foreseeable future.
Voice Of The Voiceless: Women Enlightenment, Bou And Community Radio
The Community broadcasting system is on the way to start in Bangladesh. The CR installation Operation and Broadcasting Policy-2008 has been announced on 12 March this year. The application for the permission of setting up community radio have been asked through advertisement since 18 March 2008.A total of 400 application form were sold and 178 applicants submitted to The Ministry of Information for the permission of the community radio set up, about 50 community radio station are expected to start soon in Bangladesh and then rest of the 66 station will get permission to start their CR station. Recently Bangladesh Government has approved the regulation of the community radio in Bangladesh To inform the general mass of the country, it has been published in the website of The Ministry of Information.
Momcilo BJELICA & Dragica RANKOVIC
NOTE FOR EDITOR: The Use Of Fuzzy Theory In Grading Of Students In Math
The development of computer science, statistics and other technological fields, give us more opportunities to improve the process of evaluation of degree of knowledge and achievements in a learning process of our students. More and more we are relying on the computer software to guide us in the grading process. An improved way of grading can help overcome some limitations of the educational process, that have caused problems, and had as a consequence a lower degree of success. With the combination of old, traditional way of evaluation of students knowledge and success, and the application of “fuzzy logic” and “the theory of fuzzy sets”, “the method of ponderous areas”, and other new computer and scientific technologies, we are getting a complex formula , that is also, friendly to constant changes, depending on developments in the schooling process. The new grading system is very user friendly, and can be applied in primary-middle schools as well as in high schools. It takes into account all the students activities and achievements, raises the quality of a teacher’s performance and can be updated with new computer technologies. This model is, also, a great support program in grading of students involved in “distance learning“systems.
Keywords: Fuzzy Logic And Sets, Knowledge Evaluation, The Grading Model And E-Learning
Kevin YEE & Jace HARGIS
NOTE FOR EDITOR: Screencasts
Well-known for some years to advanced technology users, Screen Capture Software (SCS) offers the promise of recording action on the computer desktop (right down to the mouse movement and mouse clicks) together with voiceover narration, all combined into a single movie file that can be shared, emailed, or uploaded. Educause (2006) defines screencasts as the “screen capture of the actions on a user’s computer screen, typically (http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7012.pdf) with accompanying audio, distributed through RSS. SCS burst forth on the scene in the mid 2000s with prominent names like TechSmith’s Camtasia ($299) and Adobe’s Captivate ($799). These full-featured programs include every editing, mixing, and re-mastering function imaginable, and are very user-friendly. The more recent years have seen much lower-cost alternatives such as SnagIt ($49), FullShot ($49), and !Quick Screen Recorder ($29), as well as a dozen others, all of which bundle fewer services in exchange for the lower price. While maintaining the user-friendly functionality, they often restrict file output to only one or two file types, and offer minimal editing tools, or sometimes none at all.
Tse-Kian NEO, Mai NEO & Belinda Soo-Phing TEOH
NOTE FOR EDITOR: Assessing The Effects Of Using Gagne’s Events Of Instructions In A Multimedia Student-Centred Environment: A Malaysian Experience
The inclusion of digital multimedia into teaching and learning has changed instructional strategies in the classroom. While this course has been traditionally given in lecture-based environment, an attempt was made to move it towards a more multimedia-mediated environment to provide a student-centred approach in teaching the principles of animation.
The aim of this project is to incorporate Gagne’s 9 Events of Instructions in a multimedia-mediated student-centred learning environment to teach an animation course and to study its impact on student learning.
The study assesses the effects the learning environment has on the students’ learning outcome as well as their perceptions in this learning environment. Therefore, data was gathered through various research instruments including surveys and questionnaires to garner their perceptions and their feedback on the learning environment. Furthermore, tests were administrated to the students to gauge their learning outcome. The results were later analysed using a paired t-test.
The results were positive and encouraging. They show that the students were motivated and were actively pursuing their learning at their own pace. They enjoyed this self-directed learning approach and liked using multimedia to stimulate and enhance their learning process.
The paper also provides evidence that will benefit those wanting to switch from traditional classroom to a more technological and multimedia oriented student-centred learning environment as this learning environment proves to be a viable alternative teaching approach to learning the principles of animation.
Keywords: Gagne, Multimedia, Student-centred, Learning Environment
Azam RASTGOO & Yousef NAMVAR
Assessment Approaches In Virtual Learning
Today, the traditional assessment methods are not enough for measuring students’ ability. Internet and its technologies have a strong impact to change it and there are some new ways to measure students’ ability and knowledge. This article identifies some assessment methods and tools in online education and describes findings that show the importance of online assessment and online technologies. It also describes some advantages and disadvantages of new methods of assessment. Additionally this article review some valuable effects of using new methods such as e-portfolios, online self and peer-assessment in providing in time and good feedback for student, increasing students’ participation, improving students learning achievement and increasing their abilities in this area.
Keywords: Assessment, Virtual learning, E-portfolio, Online Self and Peer Assessment
Pradeep Kumar MISRA
WBL To Promote Lifelong Learning Among Farmers From Developing Countries: Key Strategies
In times of liberalization, privatization and globalization (LPG), countries are looking to establish effective systems of lifelong learning to prepare farmers for changing agricultural sector. But offering lifelong learning to farmers in developing countries) is a vital challenge as majority of them are residing in remote and rural areas and have low educational qualification and lower socio-economic status. Web Based Learning (WBL) can support us in this cause because world over it is increasingly recognized as a viable and learner-friendly approach. In this background, the present paper attempts to discuss about need and challenges of lifelong learning for farmers and proposes key strategies for providing Web based lifelong learning to farmers of developing countries.
Keywords: Web Based Learning, Lifelong Learning, Farmers
Salawu, I. O., Adeoye, Felix A & Olugbenga David OJO
Sustainability Indices As Measures Of Service Delivery In Open And Distance Learning Institutions In Nigeria
Open and Distance Education if well organized, is an adequate alternative to conventional education. For acceptability of this assertion, the public, governments, employers of labour and other stakeholders need to be convinced that ODL institutions are not providing half-baked education. Also, for the public and other shareholders enthusiasm and interest that are usually hard earned to be sustained, there is need for total commitment to the implementation of some established indices of sustainability. The thrust of this paper is in the appraisal of the extent to which two ODL institutions in Nigeria adhere to the principles of sustainability. A set of questionnaire was developed and used to collect data which were analyzed using simple non-parametric statistics. Suggestions which were aimed at improving the service delivery, in the institutions used for the study in particular, and other sister institutions especially in the developed countries were highlighted.
Keywords: Open and Distance Learning, Distance Learning Institutions, Sustainability.
Muhammad Javed Iqbal & Mumtaz Ahmad
Enhancing Quality Of Education Through E-Learning: The Case Study Of Allama Iqbal Open University
Education is the driving force for economic and social development in any country. Considering this, it is necessary to find ways to make quality education, accessible and affordable to all, using the latest technology available. Unfortunately, Pakistan has not been able to take advantage of the possibilities offered by e-learning. Major reasons for this are institutional and technical infrastructure, culture, computer literacy and access. Although government’s commitment to promote e-learning in the country is encouraging and initiatives such as the establishment of the Virtual University (VU) are commendable, Pakistan has yet to go a long way in reaching the unique socio-economic benefits of e-learning. Allama Iqbal Open University is providing ‘Education for All’ through distance education from basic (functional) literacy to higher education (PhD) level. The aim of this paper is to present the case study of Allama Iqbal Open University in accordance with the strategies and adoption of e-learning.
This case study focuses on different dimensions including concept and rational of e-learning, its significance and quality education, efforts made by Allama Iqbal Open University for the enhancing quality of education through e-learning.
Keywords: Quality, Quality Education, E-Learning, Distance Education, Enhancement of Education, Technology.
Osuji, U. S. AJUNWA
Integrating Group-Self Evaluation In Open And Distance Learning System
Every instructional process involves a strategic assessment system for a complete teaching leaning circle. Any assessment system which is seriously flawed, should call for a change, a rethink or a repackaging for sustainability, and to be a part of teaching and learning. Assessment should be meaningful to both the assessors and the assessees. The learners who are the assessees in this case should not be left out in the process of assessment. This is an era of democratization and liberalization of the educational opportunities through the use of Open and Distance Learning. Therefore the components of the educational system, including assessment and evaluation should also be democratized through the group- self evaluation of learning outcomes in the Open and Distance Learning system.
This paper takes a look at the benefits of the group- self evaluation, the concept of Open and Distance Learning, characteristics of learners in Open and Distance Learning and integrating group- self evaluation in the Open and Distance Learning system.
Keywords: Assessment, Group-Self Evaluation, Open Learning, Distance Education, Open And Distance Learning.
Leslie STURDIVANT ENNIS & Elizabeth ANNE GAMBRELL
A Comparison Of Undergraduate Faculty And Millennial Students Regarding The Utilization Of Weblog And Podcast Technology In A Teacher Education Department
The main objective of the study was to compare the utilization of weblog and podcast technology by undergraduate university faculty and Millennial college students. The study was conducted to test the hypothesis, formed from existing literature, that there might be a difference in the utilization of weblog and podcast technology between faculty and Millennial students in a Teacher Education Department. Analysis of the data using descriptive statistics revealed that the mean of both populations was similar in their technological utilization.A technology survey was distributed to Millennial college students and undergraduate university faculty in a Teacher Education Department. One hundred surveys were utilized based upon the number of students currently enrolled in Teacher Education classes at the time of the study. Fifty-nine students and five undergraduate faculties participated in the survey.
The average age of the student population was twenty-one, with a faculty average of forty-nine. Data were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics regarding the utilization of weblog and podcast technology by faculty and students.
The study refuted the hypothesis that there is a difference in weblog and podcast utilization between faculty and Millennial students. There was no significant difference in the utilization of weblogs and podcasts in the two populations. The results indicate that the perceived technological gap between Millennial students and university faculty is not as prevalent as theorized by the existing literature.
Keywords: Faculty, Millennial, Podcast, University, Undergraduate, Weblog
Professional Development Of Higher Education Teachers: Can ODL Contribute?
In the present era of information technology the system of education has undergone a lot of changes. Open and Distance Learning (ODL) around the world is perhaps the most important evidence to it. Despite the fact, ODL has not been popular in Bangladesh for a variety of reasons, though currently a few academics are either thinking about studying or studying on Open and Distant modes. This paper, considering Levis’ (2002) opinion about the necessity of e-learning, Goodson’s (2000) principles of teacher professionalism, Nordkvelle’s (2006) view on the challenge of ODL-organization, Boshier’s (1971) Education Participation Scale (EPS), and Houle’s (1961) philosophy of six classic needs of a practicing professional, tries to find out the role of ODL in the professional development of higher education teachers in Bangladesh on the basis of a study. The related survey involves a sample of more than 100 teachers from a number of ten private and public universities in Dhaka. It is expected that ODL might play a significant role in the professional development of tertiary level teachers in the country.
The paper also explores the possible advantages teachers may enjoy and difficulties they may face in pursuit of these modes of education. The Ministry of Education can play a great role in alleviating the problems with and barriers to ODL. However, the academic heavyweights also have some responsibilities in this regard.
Keywords: Open And Distance Learning (ODL), Professional Development Of Higher Education Teachers, Advantages And Difficulties Of ODL.
Cem CUHADAR & Abdullah KUZU
Improving Interaction Through Blogs In A Constructivist Learning Environment
The current study investigated the ways to improve the interaction through blogs in an information technology course, in which a constructive approach was employed. Eighteen students enrolled in the Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technologies at Anadolu University during the spring semester of the academic year 2006-2007 participated in the action research designed in accordance with the purpose of the study. The data were collected through different techniques and tools including observation and interviews.
Content analysis and descriptive analysis were conducted to analyze data. To sustain credibility, conformability, consistency, and transferability, several strategies were adopted such as in-depth data collection and data triangulation. Findings revealed that the course, which was planned according to constructivist principles and applied through blogs, could improve both instruction and social interaction. Findings also suggested that participants’ needs regarding information sharing, instructional support and communication played an important role to improve interaction among participants and with the course instructor. Furthermore, it was observed that blogs could be used as tools to develop interaction in discussions and group works.
Keywords: Weblog; Blog; Constructivism; Interaction
Sufiana K. MALIK
Role Of Distance Education In The Expansion Of Female Education Higher Level In Pakistan A Review
The present paper investigated the role of distance education in the expansion of educational facilities for female at higher level of education in Pakistan. The findings of the study report that distance education is playing a vital role in the expansion of female education at higher level as such female who, due to some personal or social compulsions are not able to attend regular institution/university in order to enhance their educational, distance education proves to be a blessing for such females. AIOU is the pioneer in provision of distance education in Pakistan and at present it is playing a significant role in provision of better higher education facilities, especially female are enjoying from these educational facilities as the system of AIOU is flexible enough for female and it provides them equal opportunity to uplift their educational status in spite of the different hurdles in the way of getting higher education without disturbing their family or personal problems. More incentives for female on the part of AIOU for getting higher education may increase the number of female students in AIOU programs of higher education in Pakistan.
Keywords: Female; Distance Education at Higher Level; Allama Iqbal Open University; Pakistan
OJOKHETA, K. O
A Path-Analytic Study Of Some Correlates Predicting Persistence And Student’s Success In Distance Education In Nigeria
This study examined the influence of some predictors in the enhancement of persistence and students success in distance education in the two most recognised and respected distance learning institutions in Nigeria–the Distance Learning Institute (DLI) of University of Lagos and Distance Learning Centre of University of Ibadan. The need for this study arose because distance education is still, very much, in its embryonic stage in Nigeria due to the minimum deployment of technology which is the hallmark of this form of education. Four research questions were formulated to ascertain the relative contribution of each predictor to persistence and students success. A Multiple Regression Analysis converged on a eight predictor model revealed that the most important predictors for enhancing persistence and students’ success are the learning conduciveness of the environment and the provision of student support services with F-ratio 75.39 and 73.03 respectively. Tutors response pattern and learners perception of course materials were found important too with F-ratio 22.01 and 15.54 respectively. While the learners home background cum occupational status and institutions social interaction were found insignificant (F-ratio 0.25 and 7.98 respectively). These findings have implications for the design of academic curriculum for distance learning programme where attention must be paid to the provision of these important predictors.
Keywords: Persistence, Student success, Distance Education, Students Support Services, Institution's Social Interaction Pattern, Tutors Response or Feedback Pattern, Learners Perception of Course Materials, Learners Learning Environment.
The Private Cost Of National Certificate In Education (NCE): Through National Teachers Institute Distance Learning Programme In Ekiti State, Nigeria
The study is set out to examine the private cost of National Certificate in Education, through the distance learning mode as organized by the National Teachers Institute (NTI) Ekiti State branch in Nigeria. This was to open the eyes of the prospective students to know what on the average he has to spend and also to provide data for the state chapters of the institute on how to ease the burden of the students undergoing the course. The study made use of cross-sectional data retrieval format to collect the necessary information needed for the three circles contact period. The data was analyzed using arithmetic mean and percentages. It was found out that tuition fees accounted for the percentages of students’ expenditure, followed by examination fees, and mid-day meal. Library, sports and development levy are not relevant for this type of student. The federal Government of Nigeria could subsidize the tuition fees for the prospective grade II teachers so as to ease their problem because majority of them are unemployed.
Keywords: Circles, Students’ Year, Private Cost, Distance Learning, Indirect Cost, Cost Efficient.
Sakine ONGOZ & Adnan BAKI
E-Book Usage Of Graduate Students Studying Educational Sciences In Turkiye
Today, we can say that almost everything is having “electronic” prefix and the way to access to information has changed substantially because of the many factors like fast advancements in computer technology and internet which is getting more and more widespread everyday. Although some people stick to printed resources, the fact that electronic resources offer innovation and irresistible options in terms of cost and time is obvious. The aim of this survey study is to detect some data that can be generalized about the graduate students’ state of using printed and electronic resources. A questionnaire, developed by Ebrary, one of the largest e-book suppliers of the world, was used as the data gathering tool. After the studies for improving the reliability and validity of the questionnaire, a questionnaire form with 16 items was obtained. 634 questionnaires were sent to graduate students via e-mail, 130 of them were sent back and 125 questionnaires were evaluated for the study. Concerning all the data, it was concluded that majority of the graduate students are aware of the comfort of the e-resources and prefer to use these resources academically.
Keywords: Educational Sciences, Graduate Learning, E-Book Usage
Reviewed By Desmond KEEGAN
REVIEW: China’s Radio And TV Universities And The British Open University: A Comparative Study
This book is a major contribution to the fields of distance education research, the field of comparative education and to the history of Chinese and British education.
The book undertakes an impossible task: the comparative study of China’s Radio and TV universities and of the British Open University. The task is impossible because the two entities to be compared are essentially disparate. The British Open University (OUUK) is a single university set up at Milton Keynes in the United Kingdom by Royal Charter. China’s Radio and TV universities, known as the Dianda system, is a network of 45 open universities set up all over China. The essence of the success of the British Open University was its creation as a full university, offering its own university degrees on the same level as all the other universities in the country. The Dianda institutions were set up in what Wei calls the ‘adult higher education sector’ in China, offering what Wei calls sub-degrees and always regarded as inferior both to the great Chinese universities (Beijing University, Qinghua University, Fudan University and Tongji University) and also to the ordinary Chinese universities.
Reviewed By Ozlem OZAN
REVIEW: Distance Education: Definition And Glossary Of Terms, 3rd Edition
Tarayıcınız bu resmin gösterilmesini desteklemiyor olabilir.
Because Distance Education (DE) provides students the new opportunities for accessible and lifelong education, it is getting more and more popular day by day over the entire world, and as stated in the book it has become a major topic of interest in the field of educational communication and technology.
Reviewed By Dr. Adile Askim KURT
REVIEW: Educational Social Software For Context-Aware Learning
This book was edited by, Niki Lambropoulos a HCI research fellow at London South Bank University and Margarida Romero a researcher on learning innovation and educational psychology, and published by Information Science Reference in 2009. The book, which 26 authors from nine different countries contributed to, includes four sections and 14 chapters.
Reviewed By Yasin OZARSLAN
REVIEW: Cases on Collaboration In Virtual Learning Environments: Processes and Interactions
Collaboration in Virtual Learning Environment brings meaningful learning interactions between learners in virtual environments. This book collects case studies of collaborative virtual learning environments focusing on the nature of human interactions in virtual spaces and defining the types and qualities of learning processes in these spaces from the perspectives of learners, teachers, designers, and professional and academic developers in various disciplines, learning communities and universities from around the world. This book addresses the research cases on experiences, implementations, and applications of virtual learning environments.