1 (1), 2000
Prof. Dr. Fredric M. LITTO
The School of the Future of the University of São Paulo: 1989-1999 What Was Learned and What Wasn't
Dr. Costas TSOLAKIDIS
DISTANCE EDUCATION: A Second Best in Learning?
Why people want to learn?
Behind demand for learning, utilitarians should search for the need that learning satisfies.
This need is highly complicated, including the prospect of social and economic success,
personal ambitions and self-respect, enthusiasm or simply obligation.
No matter which motive is the strongest, no one denies that education and lifelong
training are gaining grounds in the rapidly accelerating world of today. Spectacular
changes in technology, economy and work structures increase the need for a high rate of
specialization and competitiveness of human forces. At the same time, due to these
changes, knowledge acquired in early years of age becomes obsolete several times in the
course of a lifetime. For those who want to remain competitive there is an almost
permanent, urgent need for more education, for better education and for a longer lasting
education. However it is not always realistic to acquire the required knowledge in a
conventional way. Distance education (DE) provides a promising solution to this problem...
Assist. Prof. Dr. Emine DEMIRAY , Assist. Prof. Dr. Mediha SAGLIK , Assist. Prof. Dr. Nedim GURSES , Assist. Prof. Dr. Aydin Ziya OZGUR & Assist. Prof. Dr. Abdulkadir CANDEMIR
DISTANCE EDUCATION AND EDUCATIONAL TV PRODUCING PROCESS: THE ROLE OF EDUCATIONAL TV PROGRAMMES AS BEING ONE OF THE EDUCATIONAL COMPONENTS IN DISTANCE EDUCATION SYSTEMS AND PRODUCING PROCESS OF EDUCATIONAL TV PROGRAMMES IN FACULTY OF OPEN EDUCATION AT ANADOLU UNIVERSITY-TURKEY
Distance education is a contemporary education system realized with the help of
educational technology and distance teaching methods in a setting that learner and
teacher are not face to face. In the foundation of the system lies the facilitating
technologies that provide a person learn himself. These are printed materials, TV, radio,
video, computer and so on.
The most important education medium is the printed material at the Open Education
Faculty of Anadolu University. 382 course books for all program have been published and
produced so far. 399 editors and 1050 authors have had the responsibility of preparing
Academic counseling is the other dimensions of The Open Education Faculty which are
held in 54 centers with 724 academicians and instructors...
Business Processes for a Distributed Learning Environment
The corporate environment has been changing drastically in recent years. New and more
sophisticated manufacturing strategies, higher levels of quality demand or the
appearance of small and medium sized companies on a global stage are some indications
of the changes currently taking place. How can these changes, which sometimes seem to
be very surprising, be explained? There are four major trends, which are currently influencing the global professional
community, and the way business is carried out. These trends are affecting every
company in one way or the other. They are leading to the necessity to change the process
organization in order to gain efficiency and to increase the internal as well as external
Utsjoki: An Example of Implementing ICT in School Environment in Lapland
As to information and communication techology, Finland is in the front row in international comparison. The Finnish Parliament and the Ministry of Education emphasize lifelong learning and information society. Universities and institutions develop newlearning environments and a wide range of learning opportunities are available in our country. Schools are encouraged to exploit information and technology to the full.
Within Finland Utsjoki is an Ultima Thule. It is the northernmost municipality on thetop of Finland and the whole EU. In the beginning of 1990s we had the opportunity of experimenting modern techology in education as a result of innovative experiments and projects which initiated first in the field of space physics and the study of atmosphere and later especially in observation of the northern ozone layer. We were lucky to be able to participate in the activities of association EURISY (The European Space Year) which offered our pupils challenging activities and international contacts including annual meetings abroad. Simultaneously information techology took long leaps and we could sense how the world shrinked: one of our very first international videoconferences was between Utsjoki and Noordwijk in the Netherlands where two students represented our school. We took part in the Forum by videoconferencing in Utsjoki, we could state questions to the speakers and interview our students there. All this gave us great expectations: ICT meant new opportunities, a way out to the world. Theseviews and optimism acted as a spur to the present Utsjoki project which is financed by the National Board of Education, the Ministry of Education, the Regional Council of Lapland/EU (ESF, objective 6) and the municipality of Utsjoki. The project is at the moment in its second phase and it has benefitted our school a lot.
Dr. Ashok Kumar GABA
Distance Education and Job Market: A Case Study of IGNOU Graduates
The proposed research based paper aims at finding out the utilisation ofdistance education degrees offered by IGNOU in the job market. The indicators purport to measure the success or otherwise of graduates indifferent subjects areas in obtaining a satisfactory first destination after graduation. Thus, the question of the nature of linkage between th job market and graduate-supply assumes a great significance in any study of trends in the development of higher education. Human capital theory suggests that potential students can be expected to seek a course, which will maximise the expected net benefits accruing from their choice of degree course.
They can, therefore, be expected to take into account information relating to the graduate job market. The main focus of the proposed paper is on
(a) the reactions of the graduates as to the suitability of their education for obtaining employment;
(b) open learning as a way of enabling unemployed learners to combine learning with active job search and to continue learning after obtaining job;
(c) finding out the reasons if any for non acceptance the IGNOU degrees in the job market and other institutions, if any;
(d) the employers' views on the quality of distance education graduates. The study is based on questionnaire survey of successful learners who qualified in Bachelor' Degree Programmes during June 1992 to December, 1995 examination.
The technique of in-depth interview has been applied to know the reasonsfor non-acceptance the INGOU degree in the job market. The findings have been discussed keeping in view the trends as obtained in India and elsewhere, and on the basis of the policy mission of the National Open University.
A Picture or 1000 Words?
Online learning has prompted an array of learning practices and techniques that have been transposed on to the Web. These techniques are now mixing more and more with multimedia such as video, sound and graphic enhancements. With the development of online courses, seminars, and virtual universities, moderators and trainers are now trying to make the experience more personable, so that we don’t all become anti-social extensions of the personal computer.
Educators and designers of online courses have to use every tool available and try different methods to compensate for the social interaction of a face-to-face communication. I am not convinced that a photograph is actually an effective tool to add to this list. Rather than relying on old ideas, developers and educators need to address new solutions that meet the needs of the students. In a homogeneous small group, photographs may help the learners quickly feel comfortable. However, I would argue that this is not the best solution for every course. Educators and designers of online courses must be willing to adjust design and content for different learning styles, and use the Internet creatively to present a dynamic learning environment. And that’s MHO.