The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education
Anadolu University
Yunusemre Campus 26470-Eskisehir TURKEY

What is the Turkish Online Journal Distance Education-TOJDE?

The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education (TOJDE) is a peer-reviewed quarterly e-journal. International in scope, this scholarly e-journal publishes refereed articles focusing on the issues and challenges of providing theory, research and information services to global learners in any kind of distance education or open learning applications. TOJDE will particularly strive to meet the continuing education needs of practitioners and educators by providing a forum for the discussion of extended learning strategies, policies and practices, and trends in information technology as they impact the delivery of student support services for distance learners and faculties. Articles may be theoretical, philosophical and/or quantitative analyses of distance education/open learning and teaching issues, and may take the form of case studies, research studies or general interest reports. Sample topics include the role or history of distance education, standards for such services, organization or planning of new services, for distance learners, etc.


Book reviews, conference reports, literature reviews, news items, editors' notes, announcements of conferences and publications and letters to the editor are also welcomed. .


Goals of the Online Journal of Turkish Distance Education-TOJDE


TOJDE is planning to extend its readership by reaching every part of the world. It will focus on different regions by allocating much more space to contributors from the regions of North Africa (such as Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Egypt), the Middle East (such as Israel, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan), the New Turkic Republics, the Baltic Countries and Eastern European Countries (such as Poland, Romania, Hungary). This strategy will be realized in the ways listed below;

By sharing experiences on effective use of distance education in both formal and non-formal education fields.

By providing communication amongst educators, educational technologists and distance education experts and by providing opportunities to share new strategies and ideas about distance education.


The Mission Statement of TOJDE is:

""It's Never Too Late, Read TOJDE Now and Please Inform Your Colleagues " "


Values of the Online Journal of Turkish Distance Education-TOJDE


Along with the mission statement, it is important to list the values which TOJDE holds as a philosophy of Online Journal publishing. Such values are held in high esteem by all who practice them. To violate them would be to violate the foundation of TOJDE and also its mission. NOTICE: The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE does not discriminate on the basis of race, religion, sex, national or ethnic origin, or physical limitations. This includes policies and procedures related to editorial membership of the Board, the educational program and personnel practices, admissions, scholarships, authors and readers.

Readers' Needs are at the top of the list of importance for TOJDE and this should be known by all readers. We will not forget who we serve.

Quality Articles- TOJDE will try to provide not only quality articles to its readers, but will also try to meet readers' expectations.

Quality Journal Staff- TOJDE will always value and prize those editors, reviewers and staff who have shown a willingness to provide quality publishing through their various levels of expertise.

Community Share Service- TOJDE will endeavour to show the community its commitment by sharing to its overall betterment. By committing to the previous three values, meeting this fourth value becomes a matter of record. In bringing quality to the community this value is strategically met.

TOJDE is not responsible for the content or grammatical structure of the articles. This responsibility belongs to the article's author(s). The views and opinions of contributions in TOJDE's pages are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of TOJDE.



The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education (TOJDE) is a peer-reviewed quarterly e-journal. TOJDE is abstracted, indexed and cited by the following databases from around the world:

The AERA SIG Communication of Research
Open Access Journals in the Field of Education. To the best of our ability to discern, we have included only links to electronic journals that are scholarly, peer-reviewed, full text and accessible without cost. We have excluded professional magazines that are largely not refereed, and commercial journals that may only allow access to a very limited number of articles as an enticement to buy. By restricting membership in this way on the list that follows, we hope to do what little we can to promote free access world wide to scholarship in education.

The AERA SIG Communication of Research supports the Budapest Open Access Initiative and urges e-journals to support the initiative.

Australian Education Index - AEI
The Australian Education Index provides a complex and sophisticated subscription database consisting of more than 130 000 entries relating to educational research, policy and practice

British Education Index - BETI
The British Education Index is a subscription database of UK publications which supports educational research, policy and practice, alerting interested parties to the existence and availability of useful reading matter.

The Directory of Open Access Journals – DOAJ
The aim of the DOAJ is to increase the visibility and ease of use of open access scientific and scholarly journals thereby promoting their increased usage and impact. The aim of the Directory of Open Access Journals is to increase the visibility and ease of use of open access scientific and scholarly journals thereby promoting their increased usage and impact.

The Directory aims to be comprehensive and cover all open access scientific and scholarly journals that use a quality control system to guarantee the content. In short a one stop shop for users to Open Access Journals

The Education Resources Information Center - ERIC
ERIC, sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education, produces the world’s premier database of journal and non-journal education literature.

Education Network Australia – EdNA
EdNA Online is a service that aims to support and promote the benefits of the Internet for learning, education and training in Australia. It is organised around an Australian curriculum, its tools are free to Australian educators, and it is funded by the bodies responsible for education provision in Australia - all Australian governments. As an information service, EdNA Online provides two key functions: A directory about education and training in Australia. A database of web-based resources useful for teaching and learning.

As a communications service, EdNA Online aims to promote collaboration and cooperation throughout the Australian education and training sectors and facilitate the growth of networks of common interest and practice.As a service provider to education and training systems and sectors EdNA Online also provides a Developer's Kit to assist in the implementation of free EdNA Online services into other websites and portals.

Please go to, type tojde and click on the go button, then you will see TOJDE.

Elsevier ScienceDirect
ScienceDirect is the world's largest electronic collection of science, technology and medicine full text and bibliographic information. Since its launch in 1997, ScienceDirect has evolved from a web database of Elsevier journals to one of the world's largest providers of scientific, technical and medical (STM) literature.

The Government Education Portal
The Government Education Portal is the online entry point to a comprehensive array of government information and services concerning all aspects and levels of education in Australia. In particular, it focuses on Australian government policies, programmes, events, publications and resourcing. It also provides links to key education and training sites at the national, state and territory level.

The Government Education Portal also enables the Australian public to find and share news and events relevant to education and training issues. It incorporates many of the tools and services of EdNA Online - an extensive, free, public website which links to a vast number of Australian and international education resources, identified and contributed by Australian educators. The Government Education Portal has been developed by the Department of Education, Science and Training (DEST).

Higher Education Research Data Collection – HERDC
The Higher Education Research Data Collection comprises research income and research publications data submitted by universities each year. Data collected will be used, along with data from the Higher Education Student Collection, for determining allocations to universities under performance based funding schemes: the Institutional Grants Scheme (which replaces the Research Quantum from 2002); and the Research Training Scheme

Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory
Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory™ is a bibliographic database providing detailed, comprehensive, and authoritative information on serials published throughout the world. It covers all subjects, and includes publications that are published regularly or irregularly and are circulated free of charge or by paid subscription. Ulrich’s was first published in 1932. It was known initially as "Periodicals Directory: A Classified Guide to a Selected List of Current Periodicals Foreign and Domestic." This title continued through the third edition published in 1938. Then, with the 4th edition (1943), the title became Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory: A Selected Guide to Current Periodicals, Inter-American Edition (with a focus on non-European titles because of the difficulty in getting information during WWII). From 1943-1965, the title was Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory. Then, with the 11th edition in 1965, it became known as Ulrich’s International Periodicals Directory, the title it held until the publication of the 39th edition in 2000, when it reverted to an earlier title, Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory. It also incorporated Irregular Serials and Annuals in 1988. Whatever the name or the scope, Ulrich’s remains the global source for periodicals information since 1932.

In today's competitive environment, serials publishers have come to regard the in-depth, global scope of Ulrich's Periodicals Directory database as a goldmine of information. In, serials publishers will find a rich, interactive search and discovery tool that is an indispensable resource for:

  • A global view of the academic journal, consumer magazine, and newspaper landscape
  • Unmatched bibliographic content and descriptive information for over 179,000 actively published periodicals
  • Company information and contacts for more than 80,000 publishers
  • Identifying competitive titles by publisher, subject, market, and availability channels
  • Targeting titles for sponsorship or acquisition

In addition to bibliographic content, offers linking and communications options:

  • Open URL linking to and from article and journal full-text
  • Z39.50 and Web-based linking to local resources
  • Direct links to Document Delivery services
  • Easy-to-create Lists to save, edit, and e-mail with as much detail as required

Vocational Education and Training Research Database - VOCED
Vocational Education and Training Research Database-VOCED is the UNESCO/NCVER research database for technical and vocational education and training, an international database of research abstracts, in English. It is produced by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), based in Adelaide, South Australia.

VOCED is one of the products of the UNESCO regional centre of excellence in technical and vocational education and training, established jointly between NCVER and Adelaide Institute of TAFE (AIT/UNEVOC). The centre of excellence was formed in March 2001. VOCED is supported by UNESCO's International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training (UNESCO-UNEVOC) in Bonn, Germany, the hub of the international UNEVOC network, providing information exchange to UNESCO Member States. VOCED receives funding from the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA).





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© Anadolu Unuversity-TOJDE 2000


Contact Addresses of the Online Journal of Turkish Distance Education-TOJDE


Owner of the TOJDE In the Name of Anadolu University

Prof. Dr.Engin Ataç

Anadolu University Yunusemre Campus 26470-Eskisehir, TURKEY
Phone: +90 222 335 0581, E-mail:

Honoured Editorial Board of TOJDE (Ordered alphabetically)

Prof Dr. Cevat ALKAN The pioneer of educational technology in DE in Turkey ( Turkey )
Prof. Dr. Engin Atac The founder and owner of TOJDE ( Turkey )
Prof. Dr. John Bååth
The well-known Swedish distance educator ( Sweden )

Prof. Dr. Tony Bates Father of distance education in Canada ( Canada )
Prof. Dr. Yılmaz Buyukersen The founder of distance education in Turkey ( Turkey )
Prof. Dr. Chris Curran The founder director of National DE Centre in Ireland ( Ireland )
Prof. Dr. Chere Campbell GIBSON
She studied for DE all her life. Emeritus Professor (USA)
Prof. Dr. Börje HOLMBERG He studied for Distance Education Emeritus Professor. ( Sweden )
Prof. Dr. James Maraj The pioneer of the open university movement ( Australia )

Prof. Dr. Charles Wedmeyer
The pioneer of distance education in World ( USA )


Prof. Dr.
Ugur Demiray
Anadolu University
Yunusemre Campus
Phone: +90 222 335 0580 (10 Lines) / Ext.2521 or +90 222 249 0576
Fax: +90 222 320 4520 or +90 222 249 0576
E-mails: or

Executive Editor

Asst. Prof. Dr. Gulsun Kurubacak

Anadolu University Yunusemre Campus

26470-Eskisehir TURKEY

Phone: +90 222 335 0580 (10 Lines) / Ext.2521 or +90 222 249 0576

Fax: +90 222 320 4520 or +90 222 249 0576

Emails: or

Huseyin Altunlu
Anadolu University
Fakulty of Communication Sciences
Yunusemre Campus 26470-Eskisehir,

Web Site Administrator
Kerem Turan
Anadolu University Yunusemre Campus 26470-Eskisehir,
Phone: +90 222 335 0580 (10 Lines) / Ext.1372, Email:

English Editing
Esen Sipahu
Anadolu University Yunusemre Campus 26470-Eskisehir,
Phone: +90 222 335 0580 (10 Lines)/ Ext.2521, E-mail:

Published by
Anadolu University, Eskisehir, TURKEY
© Anadolu Unuversity-TOJDE 2000