Welcome to Volume 8, Number 1 of TOJDE

From Editor

I am pleased to inform you that in the 8th year of TOJDE is appeared on your screen now as Volume 8, Number: 1. In this issue we published two notes for Editor, 15 articles, three reviews, news and announcements for our readers. 29 authors from ten different countries are placed in this issue. These published articles are from Australia, Eritrea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Turkey, UK and USA.