The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education

A Machine Learning Based Approach to Enhance Mooc Users’ Classification

Youssef MOURDI
Mohammed SADGAL

At the beginning of the 2010 decade, the world of education and more specifically e-learning was revolutionized by the emergence of Massive Open Online Courses, better known by their acronym MOOC. Proposed more and more by universities and training centers around the world, MOOCs have become an undeniable asset for any student or person seeking to complete their initial training with free distance courses open to all areas. Despite the remarkable number of course enrollees, MOOCs have a huge dropout rate of up to 90%. This rate significantly affects the efforts made by the moderators for the success of this pedagogical model and negatively influences the learners’ experience and their supervision. To address this problem and help instructors streamline their interventions, we present a solution to classify MOOC learners into three distinct classes. The approach proposed in this paper is based on the filters methods to select the most relevant attributes and ensembling methods of machine learning algorithms. This approach has been validated by four MOOC courses from Stanford University. In order to prove the performance of the model (92.2%), a comparative study between the proposed model and other algorithms was made on several performance measures.

KEYWORDS: Distance Education, Dropout, Feature Selection, Educational Datamining, MOOC, Machine Learning.

DOI : 10.17718/tojde.727976