The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education
Survival and Risk Analysis in MOOCS
|Manuel Medina LABRADOR|
|Gustavo R. Garcia VARGAS|
The most significant disadvantage in the use of MOOCs is their high drop out rates, which reaches between 88.3% and 90%. This research examined the desertion from 15 MOOCs, the following factors and their relation to desertion were assessed, characteristics of the students (gender, language, educational level, age, interest in the final certificate) and aspects of the courses (data lost at the time of registration, duration of the MOOC, course discipline, number of total questions and by evaluation). The results, based on survival analysis, indicate the probability of desertion is the highest on the first and last weeks of the MOOC. Our findings show that the probability of dropout is affected by the number of questions in each evaluation, the educational level of the participants, their age and their interest in the certificate. Missing data in the registration form was found to be associated with desertion being a significant pre-dictor of risk of quitting. Finally, the lack of interest in the certificate was found to be a predictor of the highest risk of dropping out. Possible strategies to reduce the desertion behavior at MOOCs are discussed.
KEYWORDS: MOOC, desertion, survival analysis, risk analysis.