Students' Navigational Pattern and Performance in An E-Learning Environment: A Case from UP Open University, Philippines


The study analyzed the navigational patterns of learners in an online course in Science, Technology, and Society using movement ecological concept. The course site consists of five important pages, namely: home page, resource page, user page, forum page, forum discussion page, and forum add post page. About 11,413 logged data were mined and analyzed for the learners’ mean number of visits (NOV) in each page. The computed mean NOV was correlated with the learners’ performance, which was measured through their final grades. Results indicate that learners had visited more frequently the pages that contained information they need to accomplish the course requirements: home page (mean NOV=87.38); resource page (mean NOV=40.33); and discussion forum page (mean NOV=56.29). Those who had visited the resource page were more likely to visit the discussion forum page, participate in the on-going discussion, and/or create a new thread of discussion. These patterns show that learners seek information that is necessary in their learning transactions. The patterns of navigation however did not show a significant relationship with learners’ performance (p>0.05). Other factors may have contributed to their performance, and they must be identified as well to create a virtual environment that can maximize the learners’ learning experience.

KEYWORDS: Navigational pattern analysis, science, technology and society, navigation behaviour, UP Open University, movement ecology, open and distance e-learning

DOI : 10.17718/tojde.47684